The existence of evil has perplexed people for centuries. Philosophers have pondered its meaning, sociologists have studied its impact, psychologists have analyzed its behaviors, theologians have questioned its origins, atheists have embraced it in their argument against the existence of God, and all people try to survive in a world filled with it. Everyone must wrestle with the question of evil, regardless of one’s belief.
As mentioned above, atheists say that the existence of evil proves that the “good and loving” God of the Christians doesn’t exist because how could a “good and loving” God allow such horrible things to occur in His creation. As renowned British atheist Bertrand Russell famously said: “No one can sit at the bedside of a dying child and still believe in God”.
And if we are to be totally honest, most Christians struggle with this also. When we hear about rape, murder, sex trafficking, child abuse, torture, Ponzi schemes, children with fatal diseases, innocent people dying in at the hands of drunk drivers, birth deformities, etc. we wonder: “How could God, who created and controls everything in the universe, allow such wickedness?”. And many also wonder: “Since God created all things, did He, then, create evil too? How can this be if the God we believe in is perfectly righteous and holy?”
And this can leave our faith shaken to the core.
In order to have a deep, unwavering faith and a proper understanding of God we must wrestle with the existence of evil. How, then, do we as believers in the one true God answer the problem of evil?
First we acknowledge that, indeed, God is the creator of all things as the Bible says. The first two chapters of Genesis make this clear. Additionally, when talking about Jesus, the Bible says in John 1:3: “Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.” and in Colossians 1:16: “For by him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by him and for him.” As Christians, we believe this without any reservation. Well, some say, does this mean that He also created evil?
The verses cited above tell us that God created “all things“, but we must be careful about how we understand this. In interpreting this statement, we must also understand the nature and character of God. The Bible tells us that God is perfectly holy and righteous, and cannot think of doing evil, cannot actually do evil, and can’t force us to do evil. Thus, when we read that God created all things, we must understand this to mean that He created all things in perfect agreement with His nature, and therefore cannot create anything that is evil. Simply put, God cannot create anything that is inconsistent with who He is. Indeed, five times in the creation narrative in Genesis, Scripture says that God saw that what He had created was good. And, after His creative work was completed on the sixth day, He saw that everything was very good.
Well, then, where does evil come from?
To answer this question we must first answer another question – what is exactly is evil? Evil is not a “thing” in the sense of something tangible. You can’t hold it or touch it like a rock, a rose, or a cat. Evil is what we see played out in our world when human beings choose to rebel against God’s holy standards.
God created humans with a moral will and therefore with the ability to make moral choices. When we choose to obey His moral standards the result is goodness. However, when we choose the opposite, when we choose to disregard God’s commands, goodness is absent, and therefore something else must naturally occur to take the place of goodness. That something is evil. The evil we see played out in our world is the result of people making “anti-God” choices.
When God created man with free will, He allowed for the possibility of evil to exist. This is very important to grasp so allow me to repeat it – God did not create evil but in creating human beings with free will He allowed for the possibility of evil to exist if these human beings He created chose to violate His laws. And in the Garden of Eden, Adam and Eve did exactly that – they chose, out of their free will, to violate God’s command concerning the eating of the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. And when they did eat of the tree evil entered God’s “good creation”.
The question that naturally follows, and that is asked quite often, is: “Well, then, why doesn’t God do something about the evil that exists in our world? Why doesn’t He rid the world of evil? After all, He is all-powerful, right?” The answer is simple – He definitely could rid the earth of all evil. But if he did get rid of all evil in our world five minutes from now, where would you and I be in five minutes and one second? The earth would be absent of human beings (you and I included) because we all have violated, and continue to violate, God’s moral laws in some fashion. We may not be murderers or rapists, but we are selfish, proud, gossips, liars, and envious at times, and all of these are violations of God’s moral standards. You see, if God would rid the earth of evil He would essentially have to unmake the present earth and start again. So instead of complaining about evil, we all should be thankful that God is patient with us and extends his mercy and grace to sinners like us.
However, when people ask why God doesn’t do something about evil, we do have a powerful answer to give them: “Yes, God indeed did do something about evil. Something profound. He came to earth as a human being in the person of Jesus Christ to pay the penalty for all the evil that all humans do by dying on a cross. Now, for those who trust in Him as Savior, there is forgiveness and eternal life”. Profound indeed!
Going back to Bertrand Russell’s statement mentioned above, we can reverse his question and ask: “What does an atheist say at the bedside of a dying child? ‘Oh well, that’s the way it goes.Only the strong survive and I guess that you’re not one of them. Tough luck.'” Not very comforting words are they. However, what does a Christian say at the bedside of a dying child: “There is a God who created you and who loves you and has paid the price for your salvation. If you trust in Him as Savior, you will live with Him in perfect peace and joy forever”.
That’s quite a difference.
Yes, evil does abound in the world, and will until Jesus comes back in all His glory, but don’t let that shake your faith. God is still on the throne and is sovereign over all. In the end He will make all things right. When we get to heaven evil will not exist and there will only be utter perfection, beautiful goodness, and absolute holiness. And that’s something to truly look forward to!